Over time, the growth of Cannabis has evolved significantly.
As Cannabis does not grow in the same way traditional crops do, growers have had to be innovative in their approach.
While greenhouse design has remained almost the same since its conception, what goes on within the greenhouse which has evolved, including the use of automation. Large growing facilities are now constructing their greenhouses on an industrial design scale, representing factory style buildings with glass roofs.
At Cannuba, we wanted something that was specifically designed to grow cannabis, something that ticked all our boxes and wasn’t just a rehash (possible pun intended) of a typical commercial greenhouse. We looked outside of the traditional greenhouse industry to achieve this.
We wanted to ensure our design team were not limited by the historical greenhouse build. We worked with an architectural glass expert, an automated factory designer and an automated climate control greenhouse expert.
The result is a unique greenhouse growing facility like no other in the world which we believe will become the blueprint for all modern operations.
The criteria for our project included the following fundamentals.
Maximised light distribution
Maximised growing area
User friendliness for cultivators
Ease of climatic control
Low carbon footprint
Reduced operating costs
Ease of efficient harvesting
Efficiency of construction
In order to achieve these fundamentals, we worked closely with the designers but allowed them free thought with their ideas to produce the most innovative project in the history of greenhouse architecture.
At first glance, the exterior of the buildings looks like any other large-scale greenhouse. However, the roof design offers both incredibly high spec translucence matched with structural strength meaning less impediment to the growing area beneath it.
Rainwater collection is part of the design feature but only used on our facilities where deep water wells are not an option. The walls feature the latest thermal insulating panelling enabling reduced climate control with regards to both heating and cooling.
One of the most innovative parts of the Cannuba design is the interior of the building’s cellular design. Large open plan facilities have many drawbacks. Maintaining climate control becomes more difficult as the interior area increases as does pest contamination. It doesn’t matter how sterile a facility is, pest contamination is always a potential issue.
The use of individual cells also gives us the ability to grow different strains of plant in different ways, adjusting light, humidity, temperature, and nutrients to precisely the optimum performance for the breed selected.
Perhaps the most important feature of all though is our ability to stagger the growth cycle of each individual cell. By using our cell design, the crops can grow at different stage cycles, meaning some plants can be in their vegetative stage whilst others are at a flowering stage and so on. The reason for this is it allows us to utilise a “Perpetual Harvest”. This is impossible in a large greenhouse facility and is unique to Cannuba.
There are many benefits to a perpetual harvest, some of which are as follows:
- We do not have to plant a crop in one go nor do we need to harvest all at once. We simply harvest each cell as it reaches maturity. This means we do not require extra staff during planting and harvesting, eliminating one of the most expensive costs in producing cannabis: labour.
- The extraction labs can work consistently instead of being overloaded one minute then having nothing to do the next. This means our stock is fresh with no need for storage facilities yet again vastly reducing costs and also means we do not have stock issues by running out and having to wait weeks to restock.
Our design being up to date facility will employ the latest in climate control and automation which is all controlled from a single operations room. This means a single skilled person can control every cell in the whole plant from one consul. Not only is this extremely efficient in labour but it dramatically reduces the risk of operator error and equipment malfunction.
Light deprivation means we will be using supplementary lighting during parts of the year where the plants do not receive natural sunlight. Most facilities use old technology lighting which consume huge amounts of power and create a more difficult environment to control with regards to temperature and humidity.
We employ the latest in LED technology which massively reduces our power consumption by at least 60% and our carbon footprint. The light emitted from LED’s is less damaging to the plants as it produces less severe ultra violet and infrared waves whilst reducing unwanted heat.
Perhaps the largest advantage to us as cultivators is that we can alter the light shift meaning we can control the wavelength of the light in each individual room. The type of LED lights used by us at Cannuba can be adjusted through various wavelengths depending on the growing stage of the plant thus optimising photosynthesis.
Another important feature of the whole facility is the employment of geothermal heating. This is a process of burrowing into the ground to harness the heat created by the earths molten core.
The obvious advantage of this is the huge reduction in winter heating cost and yet again the reduction of our carbon footprint as a whole. At present, we are working on a unique and innovative way of efficiently producing CO2 to enhance crop growth at our facilities and hope to make the announcement shortly.
We also employ the use of sliding beds whereby the plants are cultivated on large sliding trays eliminating the need for numerous walkways between the plants and maximising the growing area available.
By design, we have the most efficient growing operation in the world to date by means of quality of crops, size of yield and cost of production. We are currently working with our designers with the intention of patenting our design to protect our intellectual property.